There are two ways to go about cannabis cultivation: the first is the use of an indoor garden while the second presents the option of using an outdoor garden. There are advantages and disadvantage to both options, so farmers have the choice to use what works best for them. This article focuses on some of the ideal places to grow cannabis when looking for an outdoor setup. Before choosing such a location, it becomes imperative to decide on the kind of harvest that you would like to get once the crop has fully matured. To put this in perspective, about ten plants, healthy females of the cannabis plant are enough to supply the user with cannabis that would last up to a full year. What this means is that it takes a relatively small area for one to grow cannabis adequately. Even with this knowledge, it can still be tricky to choose the ideal location. Here are some tips to get you started on your hunt to get the perfect piece of land for cannabis growth.
Consider the perfect location for your cannabis outdoor garden to be one where there is a riverbank close. This will ensure that you have constant water supply, an integral requirement for the proper growth of cannabis.
You must also factor in the type of soil that the outdoor garden has. The ideal garden ought to have soil that has proper drainage, and one that is free of rocks. Rocks cause the plants to become stunted in growth, while clay hinders proper drainage and aeration. Both extremes are not beneficial for the plant, and in some cases, farmers will create a mixture of the two to get a balanced soil.
When looking for the perfect location, it is imperative to settle for a place that is secure. The last thing that you want is for your crop to be attacked by either humans or pests. When it comes to dealing with pests, it is advisable for farmers to take the natural approach by settling for natural predators. This not only preserves the environment, it also creates a cost-effective way of dealing with what could easily lead to the destruction of an entire crop.
You also want to look into whether or not there will be future developments in the region. The obvious reason for this is that such developments lead to the discovery of cannabis gardens especially in cases where the farmer would like some discretion. In such a case, steer clear of areas which show promise for new development in the short foreseeable future.
A healthy plant is equivalent to great yields, so do your due diligence and make sure that the region you choose for your garden is free from pests and obvious destruction to the cannabis plants.
The importance of choosing a proper outdoor cannabis garden becomes apparent as the plants go through the different stages of growth and development. If you are serious about cannabis cultivation, this is the way to go: research prior to making a choice.
There are many procedures that you must learn successfully if your cannabis plants are to grow properly. One of the fundamental techniques that will come in handy is the process of curing cannabis plants. This is an integral process, one which is quite rewarding for a farmer who has seen their crop go through the process of germination all through to maturation, and therefore knows a thing or two about patience. The harvested cannabis needs to be dried and cured if you are to get the best quality buds. Failure to dry and cure properly predisposes the cannabis plant to damage and it is easy to lose an entire crop this way. For growers who are intent on preserving their cannabis all year long, the process of curing ought to be memorized by heart. When done well, the product could last up to one year!
The main purpose of doing cannabis curing is to prevent mould formation that can easily form on one plant and spread to the rest of the harvest. Given that mold thrives in warm and moist conditions, these are some of the environments that you should completely eliminate during the process of curing. What is the reason for this? Cannabis plants tend to be very moist following harvesting. One of the common ways in which cannabis farmers get their cannabis to dry to to hang them so that the plant is facing downwards and this allows moisture to escape thus decreasing the risk of mold. The truth of the matter is that the plants do not necessarily have to face downwards, but this presents so much convenience for the farmer that it becomes the most obvious way to get the job done.
Take note that this form of drying is also known as air-drying and it is preferred over other drying methods for the simple reason that it preserves the aroma and the flavor of the cannabis. This is key especially for commercial growers because loss of flavor results in low-quality cannabis buds which do not sell as well. It is also important to avoid over-drying. If this happens, the leaves become very flaky and start to show signs that you have gone overboard. For the best quality, try as much as you can to make sure that the plant is a little moist, in fact, moist enough that it can bend over without snapping but dry enough to keep mold at bay.
Granted, air-drying cannabis is not the only way to carry out curing. There are instances where you want your cannabis to cure faster, in which case you could use a microwave. In case you settle for this option, ensure that you have gotten rid of the seeds so that they do not pop when the microwave is in session. The disadvantage of using this method is that it has a tendency to affect the natural flavor of the cannabis. It is evident that patience is key when it comes to proper curing of cannabis.
There are different types of algae that can affect cannabis plants, and knowing how to deal with algae will go a long way in ensuring that the plants grow well. An Alga causes stunted growth in cannabis plants because they cause the plants to be deprived of oxygen when they attach to the root system of the host plant. In addition to creating a shortage of oxygen, the algae also competes for nutrients with the plant. What are some of the ways in which a cannabis farmer can deal with algae? Below are tips to make sure that you can manage algae in your plants.
- Know the kind of growth medium that you use. This is because algae is more likely to occur when a farmer uses hydroponics or aeroponics to grow their crop. It is less likely to occur when soil is used as a growth medium because algae prefers a setup with adequate lighting, something that you will not find in soil because soil is opaque.
- Ensure that you prevent the spread of algae in your cannabis plants by depriving the microorganisms of the much-needed light. Take note that this does not mean completely getting rid of the light as it is still a major requirement for the proper development of your plants. Instead, use dark equipment for your hydroponics system or aeroponics system in the indoor cannabis garden.
- Rock wool is a type of substrate that is available with the hydroponics, and on which algae grows quite easily. To prevent this from happening, cover the rock wool with fabric, specifically that which is intended for landscaping. Doing so means that the light does not get through to feed the algae, yet allows the plant to breath adequately.
- Replace the use of transparent growth medium components with opaque ones. If it is not possible to have a complete overhaul of the components, you could always improvise and make use of a dark material to cover the components.
- Clean the nutrient reservoir of your cannabis plants as this also creates the ideal surface for algae development. To do this effectively, use water mixed with hydrogen peroxide in the ratio of 10:1 respectively. The addition of small amounts to the reservoir not only ensures a clean system, it also increases the concentration of oxygen thus slowing the rate of algae development.
- Make use of UVC light in the cannabis grow room. This is important because it works complimentary to the air filtration system and the two can effectively get rid of microorganisms before they can access the cannabis plants. Traditionally, this has been used in aquariums, and its inclusion in a cannabis garden is an ideal way of dealing with algae.
- Use grapefruit seed extract, a method that has been conventionally used to manage algae in ponds, lakes and aquariums.
The last option in the management of algae in your cannabis grow room involves the use of straw mats made from barley. This is an effective organic method of control, and works well in hydroponic setups.
It is common for cannabis farmers to experience challenges when it comes to managing their crops. One of the most common occurrences in the typical cannabis farm is the presence of plants that have been knocked down, and which need some sort of ‘fixing’. To do this effectively and to be able to support the plants, one needs to make ready all the requirements. This will not only save you time, it will also help ensure that you give the right attention to your plants. You will need support sticks, a rope and a tape at hand. All these are readily available from the local shop and should not be an inconvenience.
Lift the plant carefully to make sure that you do not cause additional damage to the plant tissue. Once this is done, hold the plant in place to facilitate proper tying. Ideally, a couple of sticks strategically placed next to the plant will give far much better support than just a single stick. This is because the latter introduces additional stress to the plant and often causes breakage of the damaged plant, leading to significant loss for the farmer. In line with this, you must also consider the cause of damage to the plant. In case the plant was destroyed as a result of dry weather, it will be imperative for you to ensure that the plants are watered on a regular basis.
Take a closer look at the plant’s root system and see whether there is anything that looks out of the ordinary. If the roots were torn from the growth medium make sure that you add more of the growth medium and carefully pat it so that it sets into place. Of course this is dependent on the type of growth medium seeing as it may not be practical with liquid based growth mediums such as hydroponics. All of the roots of the cannabis plants ought to be covered with the growth medium to avoid exposure to the air. In some cases, it is imperative to avoid raising the plant above the ground. This is because there are instances where the plant has suffered too much damage so that it is not possible to do this effectively. Even then, the branches should be lifted above the ground.
You could use pallets to effectively do this. Alternatively, use a plastic netting to lift the branches as it should work just as well. Once the plant has stabilized, usually after a couple of days, you could use water to get rid of the dirt and soil. It is preferable if you can do the cleaning on a warm day as you will get ample time to dry the plants prior to nightfall. What’s more, cold days make it easy for the plant to develop gross moldy patches, something that will undoubtedly reduce the quality of the cannabis buds on maturation. As you clean the plant, place a rug at the bottom to collect the dirt.
The cannabis plant will go through different stages of growth and development, and one of the key stages is flowering. For many farmers, this stage presents the chance to modify the yields obtained from the crop. Here are guidelines to help you during the flowering stage of the plant.
- If you have planted your cannabis crop in the outdoors, you will need to know that temperature changes due to different seasons have an effect on the flowering cannabis plant. What’s more, due to the seasonal changes, flowering in the outdoors does not start until mid August, it is possible to determine when the best time for the cannabis plants to undergo flowering is.
- Science classifies days differently: there are short day plants and long day plants. Cannabis is classified in the former and what this means is that the plant undergoes flowering when it is exposed to long continuous periods of darkness.
- Another thing that you must recognize in cannabis plants is that unlike other plants where flowering is triggered by temperature changes, in the cannabis family a change in the light schedule will go a long way in ensuring that the cannabis flowers at a faster rate. With cannabis plants, temperature changes will either trigger or limit growth while the amount of moisture present has an effect on the quality of the cannabis buds produced by the plant.
- The first way to speed up this process is by looking for a cannabis strain that has an early maturation. Typically, indica varieties tend to do very well in this regard and will usually mature earlier than sativa varieties. For this reason, if you want to flower and to harvest early, this tip is your go-to solution.
- The second tip that you could use to make sure that you reap benefits from your early flowering strains is to carry out forced flowering. Just as the name suggests, this is a technique that subjects the plants to the flowering phase. This is achieved by increasing the period of darkness to 12 hours daily. This basically means adjusting the light schedule so that you have 12/12 schedule. In the outdoors, this can be a tad bit tricky, but is not entirely impossible, you can use tarp that has light proof characteristics to prevent light from passing through to the plants. It is very important that absolutely no light accesses the plants as this could interfere with the process of flowering.
- The third way to speed up the process of flowering is to carry out pollination on your own. This will allow you to carry out harvesting just a few weeks later as soon as the plants start to form the seed pods but just before the seeds themselves start to form. The principle here is that the moment the flowers undergo fertilization, the plants channel their energy from flower production to seed production.
Use these tips to help you get through the flowering phase with great yields.
Using cannabis clones has many benefits over conventional use of seeds to germinate one’s crops. Even with these advantages, it is imperative that the farmer puts in effort on their end. The clones will root naturally if they are provided with the optimal conditions, and provided the correct methods of preparation have been used for the clones. As you would expect, the clones do not have any roots and consequently their capacity to absorb water and nutrients necessary for germination is very limited, yet this plays a fundamental role in the growth of the cannabis plant. Here are tips to make sure that your clones root, not just faster, but that the resulting plants also grow to be sturdy plants.
- When preparing the cuttings, make sure that the cuttings are between 3 and 5 inches tall. You must also make sure that you eliminate all the leaves with the exception of those found at the very top of the plant, what is also referred to as the crown set of leaves. You also want to take note of the fact that the leaves must be trimmed to 1 inch.
- It is very crucial to maintain the correct temperature range of the clones is to remain viable for cultivation. The ideal temperature for both the roots and the leaves ranges between 72 and 74 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperature must also be mentioned in line with the aspect of humidity. High humidity is helpful in making sure that the clones develop roots at a faster rate. Add to this light intensity and the use of proper rooting medium.
- Trim the cuttings to ensure that you get even clones. Contrary to popular belief, you could use a pair of scissors, though it is very important to make sure that you do not subject the clones to additional trauma. To do this effectively, you could arrange the cuttings in order so that you get exact measurements.
- Place the cuttings in the ideal rooting solution before transferring them to growth medium which has already been sterilized. This is key to prevent introduction of the plants to infections at such an early and crucial stage of growth and development.
- Make sure that the cannabis cuttings remain in the containers and that there is just enough moisture; not too much and not too little. In case the container proves to be a little too cold, you could always add a layer of insulation so that the temperature levels do not plummet and harm the cuttings.
- After a couple of days have elapsed, get rid of the top covering the container and water the plants using a watering jug. The first round of watering could make use of plain water, but for subsequent watering, make sure that the water is nutrient-enriched.
- Make sure that the garden has adequate light for the plants to grow and develop normally. After about a week or so, the roots on the cuttings should be visible.
We all know the tiny insects that are said to be the world’s most hardworking creatures, but is there a possibility that this could wreck havoc on a cannabis garden? Well, this article seeks to explain in great detail what some of the effects of ants on the cannabis plants are, and how to deal with them in order to make sure that your garden is free from insects that cause damage to your plants. There are several ways in which ants will affect your cannabis plants, and they are listed as indicated below.
i) Ants will work by building nests within the growth medium of choice, making it a tad bit difficult to notice at the onset. These nests are often the beginning of a farmer’s woes when the garden gets infested by tiny little ants. The nests are the first step towards the destruction of the cannabis roots since they give leeway to aphids. Aphids on the other hand, are a category of insects that feed on the sap of the cannabis plants.
When they do this, they create a compound that is known as honeydew as it resembles droplets of honey. Once this happens, the ants then draw the honeydew out of the aphids, but this is a protective mechanism for the aphids. Basically, for as long as the ants are present, the aphids will continue to sap the cannabis juice causing weakening of the plants.
ii) If you want to identify the presence of either of the insects, be on the look out for the honey dew on the stem of the cannabis plant. You could also check out for the presence of aphids, insects that tend to stay underneath the leaves of the cannabis plant. The fact that aphids lay eggs that hatch up to 12 of their little ones is enough to cause farmers of this amazing plant to take measures to prevent ant infestation.
iii) As mentioned above, aphids will fee on the sap of the cannabis plants, resulting in inadequate nutrients for the plants. Consequently, the leaves start to turn yellow in color and eventually wilt.
iv) In addition to causing deprivation of nutrients for the plant, the aphids also have the capacity to transmit viruses form one infected plant to another. This has the effect of slowing down the growth of the plant as well as causing a significant delay in the formation of the cannabis flowers during the flowering phase. For this reason, you certainly do not want any of the ants protecting such destructive insects as aphids are.
It is interesting to note that if you follow through the paths used by the ants you will notice that there are not as many colonies as it may appear. More often than not, there are just a couple of colonies, and this is where you need to channel your efforts. Some of the time-tested and effective ways to deal with such is to pour either boric acid or sugar. This action causes dehydration of the ants leading to their death, thus effectively eliminating the ants.