Pruning is a process that is carried out by a number of farmers with the intention of increasing yields. It involves the removal of the tiny shoots that show up between the branches and the trunk with the aim of channeling all of the plant’s energies to the process of fruit production. In cannabis plants, this energy will be directed to the formation if huge buds that are certainly more marketable and have make for better yields. This technique is very crucial for all those who would like to steer clear of tiny buds.
It is interesting to note that pruning is usually done by professional cannabis farmers to maximize on the yields obtained for each square meter. The logic behind getting rid of the shoots aforementioned is that no energy is wasted on creating tiny buds. The result is that the huge buds that are found at the top of the plant are huge and tend to be heavy. They also receive more sunlight than the average bud since they are all located at the same height.
What are some of the tips that you must follow during pruning of cannabis plants?
- Pruning must only be done during the vegetative stage. This is crucial because it will allow the plant ample time to rejuvenate and promote the growth of big leaves.
- Timing is very critical, and for this reason, you need to allow three days after pruning before you can subject the cannabis plants to flowering. This is to ensure that growth of the plants is continuous as well as to maximize on the yields to be obtained.
- All through this pruning period, cannabis farmers are advised to make sure that the plants get adequate amounts of water. At the same time, one must go slow with the use of fertilizers during this period to facilitate for recovery.
- When you have mastered this technique, you are better placed to ensure that you get maximum yields, the reward for such an integral technique of cannabis farming.
- If you have grown your plants using the Screen of green method, there are a number of tips to follow through. For instance, you must place the screen at least half a meter above the cannabis plants. You will then take the top parts of each plant when it is just about 10cms away from the screen. Wait it out until you notice that the emerging tops have gone through the screen. Once the emerging tops have grown for 10cm through the screen, tilt them and link them to the screen. This is when pruning ought to be done. As with pruning in cannabis plants gown in different media, it is vital to wait for a couple of days before introducing flowering.
- Regardless of the growth medium used, the plants will continue to grow in the first fortnight of the flowering stage.
- Pruning is not a technique to be used in place of the right and optimal conditions for the proper growth of cannabis plants.
As a cannabis farmer, there are many things that you will have to be on the lookout for if you have to make sure that your plants develop as normally as possible. One of the conditions that your plants may start to exhibit, and which poses a risk to the kind of yield that you will get is copper deficiency. While this type of deficiency is relatively rare, it can still lead to severe problems in your plants. Below are some of the symptoms that characterize copper deficiency in cannabis plants.
- Copper deficiency will initially be characterized by dying of the young leaves, a condition that is referred to as necrosis. The tips of such leaves will start to show a blue coloration that is a marked deviation from the usual green color of the leaves. Some will show a copper grayish hue. If you look closely, you will notice that the leaves have a yellow coloration within its veins.
- In some cannabis plants, the leaves start to undergo wilting and curling particularly at the edges of the plant. The end result for such is the death of the leaves. In extreme cases, the entire cannabis plant may undergo wilting and it will be difficult for such a plant to feature new growth.
- The flowers of male cannabis plants with copper deficiency will not develop normally, while the female flower parts of such plants will often exhibit non development of the stigma. Ideally, copper as a salt does not move fast, and for this reason, does not stay in one spot.
- It is also important to note that copper deficiency is not the only thing that can affect your cannabis plants. Copper excesses, while still very rare, can be deadly for the cannabis plant. The reason for this is that when in high concentration, the copper salts prevent the cannabis plant from effectively using Iron. The result is severe yellowing of the leaves. What’s more, the development of the root systems is affected so that they acquire extremely abnormal sizes, leading to the rotting of the same and eventually the death of the plant.
Why does the deficiency or surplus of copper have such devastating effects on the cannabis plant?
The reason for this is that copper plays a number of important roles in the cannabis plant. These roles include:
- Proper growth of the plant
- Ensuring proper developments in the reproductive process of the plant.
- Promote the maturation of the cannabis plants and enhance the yields of the same.
- Involvement in metabolic processes to ensure the use of carbohydrates.
- Involvement in processes that oversee the reactions of oxygen reduction
It is clear that copper plays a critical role in the proper development of the cannabis plants. For this reason, one should be careful that there is neither a deficiency of the copper or an excessive supply of the same. There are a number of kits available in the market to help you get through this.
Many cannabis farmers question when the best time to transplant their crops is. As a general guide, this should be when the plants have developed a solid root system. This is because at this point, the cannabis plant is set for exponential growth and increase in the foliage as well. To carry this out successfully, you will have to study the correct methods of transplantation as well as make a decision on the best and ideal location for the transplantation destination. Now, here is the thing, it does not matter where you germinate the cannabis seeds, whether in a pot or container. You will be forced to shift the plants to a location with more permanency.
This is an integral step in the life of the cannabis plant for the simple reason that if it is not well carried out, it poses the risk of causing the plants to die as a result of severe shock. Some of the evident symptoms of this shock include yellowing of the cannabis leaves, which eventually leads to the withering of the plants. If the transplant shock is too much, there are chances that the plant could succumb to the shock. If carried out correctly, however, transplantation is a step that allows farmers to get the most put of their cannabis plants. This means faster maturation, greater yields and very minimal problems.
This also presents the opportunity for cannabis farmers to select whether or not to keep the plants indoors. Of course indoor cannabis farming has its advantages since it is possible to manage the conditions provided and ensure that a safe environment with optimal growth condition is provided. Lighting, water, nutrients and fertilizers if need be, are all made available in the indoor garden. Some farmers opt to plant their cannabis in the earth in an outdoor setup. While it is more affordable than using an indoor garden, it certainly presents challenges for the farmer. This is because it is imperative to ensure that the piece of land meets set standards, to ensure that the plants are safe as well as to make sure they are accessible.
Below are some additional tips that should make this a seamless process.
i) When grown in containers, the cannabis plants will usually extend rapidly so that the roots reach the sides of the container. When this happens, the cannabis plant simply ceases to grow, leading to stunted growth, and unless something is done, it will lead to very poor yields.
ii) For this reason, transplantation ought to be done when the plant enters the seedling phase as the plants are relatively tiny during this phase. If you are keen, you will also notice a sharp increase in the number of leaves.
iii) Make sure that you have adequate growth medium for the specific location of the transplanted cannabis crop. With this, transplant the crops with the soil they have been developing in to minimize the sudden change that often leads to shock.
iv) Cover the soil surrounding the transplanted crop and continue to provide the necessary requirements.
Cannabis farmers have had to deal with the devastating effects of pests for a while now. The pests come in different forms and shapes, whether you are looking at human beings, or birds or creepy crawlies, cannabis plants seem to bear the brunt of just about any insect. Granted, human beings do not eat the cannabis in its raw form, but can bring about devastating losses in one’s garden if not well managed. There are natural and artificial ways to repel these pests, but the cons of using the latter make it trick for cannabis farmers. This is why there is available a list of natural ways in which you can get this done. Below are some of the tips to help you with this menace.
1) Make sure that you use soil and fertilizer products which have undergone sterilization. The reason for this is that it gets rid of the eggs of pests which are typically found in soil products which have not been sterilized. Should you cultivate your cannabis in such media, do not be shocked when the eggs hatch and the larvae start to feed on the cannabis plants. The condition is made worse in indoor gardens because there is no way to introduce predators as a natural method of pest eradication.
2) Grow the cannabis plants in alternation with other plants that act to repel pests naturally. It is interesting to note that while the THC produced can act as a repellent, it does not have adequate intensity to facilitate for this. Marigolds are the perfect example of such plants.
3) For bigger pests, you could go the traditional way and build a fence all round (assuming that you have an outdoor garden). While this works in the right setup, the typical cannabis farmer does not have this choice, and secondly, it is impractical for an indoor cannabis garden.
4) Make use of custom made repellents that are organic in nature. Some cannabis farmers have opted for this to keep pests at bay, both in indoor and outdoor cannabis gardens. Using mixtures that contain clove oil, cinnamon and coriander are relatively effective. The biggest advantage of such is that they do not cause any harm in the plant. As a safety measure however, farmers are advised to test the effects of these measures on a non-vital part of the plant so that if there are any adverse effects the plant remains unaffected.
5) Another method to eliminate pests from your cannabis garden involves the use of natural predators. A perfect example in which this example is manifested is the use of wasps to get rid of caterpillars. The wasps will lay their eggs on the caterpillars which provide a perfect host. The eggs will then hatch and the resulting pupa will start feeding on the caterpillars. Birds can also be used in a similar manner, but this only works for cannabis plants in an outdoor garden.
The methods listed above are very effective, and quite affordable for the average cannabis farmer.
Whiteflies are tiny white insects which feed on the leaves and stems of plants - including cannabis. They hide underneath the marijuana leaves during the plant's growth, much like the spider-mite, and can be just as detrimental - they spread quickly, and after feeding off of one host swiftly move onto the next plant. They travel quickly, and despite their size, any grower should know the threat they pose to a prospective crop. Checking for whiteflies is easy enough - if you shake your plant and see a cloud of small white insects’ crowd in the air once disturbed, you have stumbled across one of the most damaging kinds of infestations in your cannabis crop.
Whiteflies cause millions in damage per year world-wide on food crops - and marijuana is just as threatened by the presence of the pests, which, immune to most forms of pesticide, are a formidable foe to remove from your plants. They appear in large groups and are hard to control and isolate, and the best way to avoid whiteflies is to prevent them from springing up in your crop in the first place.
One natural way to prevent whiteflies is by planting companion crops alongside your cannabis. Zinnia, a colorful plant, attract the natural predators of the whitefly - hummingbirds, predatory wasps and flies all feast on the smaller insect, and by planting zinnia in with your cannabis you can create an environment which is rather hostile to any whitefly infestation. Mint-scented plants - such as bee balm, pineapple sage and hummingbird bush - can help repel whiteflies, as the plants all produce a scent which disguises those produced by surrounding plants. By reducing the smell which attracts whiteflies, you can keep the pest from ever showing up.
If you do your best to prevent whiteflies and they still appear, there are other ways to remove the infestation. The same garlic oil used to combat aphids works just as effectively on the whitefly, and by distributing this spray to your crop, you can remove the little pests in the same way.
Another spray which can combat the presence of whiteflies is available. A simple oil spray made by mixing two tablespoons of vegetable oil with a gallon of water can be used to combat the bugs - made sure to thoroughly spray all of your plants at least twice a week, and pay close attention to the underside of leaves until the whiteflies are no more! If you're uncertain you've made the right mix, or would rather play it safe, you can easily go to a local gardening centre and ask them for a spray to get rid of the whiteflies.
Whiteflies are a danger to any cannabis crop, whether you are a new grower or an experience one - but with the careful steps above, they can be removed without harming your plants.
When it comes to growing and harvesting marijuana plants, then the need to cloning marijuana also arises. Using a box can help the marijuana both grow and clone and this is how:
Before you begin, the three items that are necessary for this are:
- Exhaust fan with carbon filter (to give fresh air)
- Hydro/thermo meters (in order to control and measure both the humidity and temperature)
There are many methods on how to build a germination/clone box. Listed below is just one, which may just work for you!
Firstly, choose a suitable place such as a closet for growing the marijuana seeds and for making clones. Whilst choosing the perfect spot, ensure no one will interfere with the place as the last thing you want is your cabinet opening and closing several times throughout the day.
Secondly, the key is to provide the marijuana with sufficient fresh air. The distance that is between the lamp and the marijuana plant can be small. However, using an exhaust fan will help to remove hot air from inside the area where you place your marijuana plant. This will create a cooler and fresher atmosphere for the plant and will be rich in CO2.
If you want to keep it a secret and don’t want anyone to know about your marijuana plants, then a small carbon filter will surely be of assistance to you. This is due to the scent of the marijuana plants, which will always make things obvious. However, if there is already a system in place, it will always kill the strong smell.
Air holes in the closet are also necessary, as mentioned before, fresh air is a must and it may just be a place where all that electrical wiring can go.
Choosing to hang some foil, aluminum foil or mirrors on the wall is recommending as it will surely reflect the light and provide much more to the plants. Doing this, allows the marijuana plants to receive lights from not just one, but two different directions, which also assists with their growth. Also, to enhance the moisture, you can use water spray to spray the walls.
The division of three levels is compulsory, as each method requires its own little area. One level is needed for seedlings and clones, one for the growth of the marijuana and the last for mother plants and for those plants that are in a vegetative state. The top level should be given to the growth of seeds, as light isn’t so important, but a steady temperature is. However, lights can be installed just for the heat. The middle level is for growing the plants and rooting clones. This process requires one – three watts of light. Finally, the bottom level is for the plants that are in a vegetative state and for mother plants, as these require the most space.
In order to attach the lights, you can make small holes in the shelves.
Camouflaging the set-up will not have anyone suspicious as it will blend in with everything else.
That’s it! Get building the box and start growing those seeds!
Marijuana is a great thing to have, sometimes. It can often be very costly, and if you are found with it, law enforcement could become involved and you could be facing some serious charges. You must also watch for people who may want to steal it, especially if you are growing it outside.
Here are some wonderful ideas on how to NOT get caught with your fun plants:
1. Do not tell ANYONE!
People often find themselves in a whole bunch of trouble when they open their mouths about what they are doing. The same goes for people who are growing their own marijuana plants. This can be hard to not tell anyone, especially if the process is going smooth and better to be expected. If you tell one person, you can count on the old tale that that one person will tell three more people and so on and so forth.
The only bad thing about this is if it reaches someone who disapproves with what you are doing, or just flat out hates you; they can and will report you to government officials to 1. Get the plants confiscated. It is best in these types of situations to not trust anyone, and keep it all to yourself.
2. Maintain the smells and Keep it on the DL
Marijuana has a very distinct smell, and even people whom have never smoked it before know that it is considered something illegal and bad just by the slight smell of it. If you are growing your marijuana indoors, try growing in a sealed place. Don’t let the A/C or the breeze from a window carry the odor throughout the entire city. Exhaust fans are also great for indoors as they will clean the air and only emit clean and filtered air out of the room.
Outdoor growers are messing with a whole different field; the weather. Rain, wind, snow, sun it all affects how well your plants are going to grow. Making a small greenhouse or growing under a small old shed might be perfect to protect your precious cargo.
Maintaining a low profile in this type of work is the key to success. You must never let anyone be suspicious if you are buying a bunch of gardening stuff, and you must make sure to keep the odor handled, and not let the flowering plants become visible outside. Whenever or wherever you go to handle plant business, you must also maintain cool and have a good story as to why you are gardening inside or why you are out so late at night, if you are a nighttime grower. Dress your part to protect yourself and your new plants. It isn’t hard to get caught, but it is also not hard to remain safe, either.